Discusses risk management for construction, which has become more popular in the past decade, and which focuses on what to inspect and when, and is used to ensure a building’s structural safety, fire safety, worker safety and public safety. Inspections during the construction of buildings are crucial, but assessing potential risks, such as environmental impacts, might be even more important. In Australia risk management for construction emerged in 1999, but not all aspects of the system were incorporated until the 2005 Building Professionals Act introduced the accreditation and regulation of private inspectors, creating competition between the public and private sectors. France strengthened its liability regimes and introduced a risk-based inspections system based on building classifications that already existed in the law but were never implemented. Economies seeking to adopt risk-based inspections should consider that successful implementation requires strong legislation for construction, strong enforcement institutions, conflict resolution mechanisms, adequate resources and a liability and insurance regime.

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